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Ancient history and settlement.

Situated by the Arabian Sea in the West, the Western Ghats in the East and connected with 44 interconnected rivers, Kerala is blessed with a unique set of geographical features that makes it one of the most popular tourist destinations in Asia. Kerala offers a long shoreline with serene beaches, world famous backwaters, lush hill stations and exotic wildlife, are just a few of the wonders that await you once you crossover to the other side. One of the most breathtakingly beautiful states of India, Kerala and its amazing scenic beauty will surely make travelers fall in love with the state. Relax and recuperate, enjoy indulgent Ayurvedic massages, sample the most delectable local dishes and you can lie back and enjoy a vacation like no other.

Geography

Ancient history and settlement.

Kerala (38,863 km²; 1.18% of India’s landmass) is situated between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. Kerala’s coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width. Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. These include the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). Located at the extreme southern tip of the Indian subcontinent, Kerala lies near the center of the Indian tectonic plate (the Indian Plate); as such most of the state (notwithstanding isolated regions) is subject to comparatively little seismic or volcanic activity. Geologically, pre-Cambrian and Pleistocene formations comprise the bulk of Kerala’s terrain. The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. Kerala lies between northern latitude of 8°.17′.30″ N and 12°. 47′.40″ N and east longitudes 74°.27’47” E and 77°.37′.12″ E. Kerala’s climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical, heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought up by the monsoon.

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