Australia is a land of extraordinary diversity; from the cosmopolitan cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane to lush tropical rainforests, vast deserts, wild outback, rolling countryside and picturesque vineyards. The coastline is dotted with stunning beaches, coral reefs and idyllic island escapes. Uncover Aboriginal Australia at Uluru, snorkel the Great Barrier Reef or admire the endless horizons and rugged bush scenery of the outback. See dolphins and whales, national parks and the Twelve Apostles on the Great Ocean Road. Journey into the interior to discover the Red Centre or explore Unesco World Heritage Convict Sites and Wilderness World Heritage Areas on the island of Tasmania. Australia is a paradise for nature and wildlife enthusiasts, beach lovers, food and wine connoisseurs and all those seeking an epic adventure.
Australia is the lowest, flattest, and oldest continental landmass on Earth and it has had a relatively stable geological history. Geological forces such as tectonic uplift of mountain ranges or clashes between tectonic plates occurred mainly in Australia’s early history, when it was still a part of Gondwana. Its highest peak is Mount Kosciuszko at 2,228 metres (7,310 ft), which is relatively low in comparison to the highest mountains on other continents.